Hockey is a sport where two teams compete by trying to manoeuvre a ball, or a hard, round, rubber or heavy plastic disc called a puck, into the opponent's net or goal, using a hockey stick.
Modern field hockey sticks are J-shaped and constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre (sometimes both) and have a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and curved surface on the rear side.
Field hockey is played on gravel, natural grass, sand-based or water-based artificial turf, with a small, hard ball.
In most countries, the game is played between single-sex sides, although they can be mixed-gender.
Hockey was incorporated into the Asian Games in 1958 and beach hockey was incorporated into the Asian Beach Games in 2008.
List of disciplines
- Hockey, Indoor
Hockey is the oldest game played with a ball and a stick. The origins of the game can be traced back to the earliest civilisations of the world, but the modern sport of Field Hockey was developed in the British Isles as an alternative to Football for cricketers seeking a winter sport in the mid-19th century.
The game spread through the British Empire, largely due to the British Army, who played it at their many bases all around the world.
Until the 1970s, Hockey was always played on grass, but top-level matches now take place on pitches made of synthetic turf, which allows the ball to roll more smoothly.
This has increased the speed of the game and the skill level of the world’s top players Hockey is an Asian Games event since 1958 in Tokyo, Japan. Women's competition only held since 1982 in New Delhi, India.
List of events
Indoor field Hockey is commonly called indoor hockey in the countries where rink hockey is not played. It is traditionally and mainly played as a pastime by outdoor field hockey players during the off-season, when the outdoor pitches are frozen, or alternatively conditions are too hot for outdoor play.
Indoor field hockey is played in regular national and international championships. The first Indoor field hockey cup was organized in 2003. It included countries which do not compete at the highest level of the outdoor game.